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实验室设计方案有怎样的流程?
来源: http://bairbrepaws.com 浏览: 发布日期: 2021-01-08
在前期准备工作的基础上,实验室设计工作一般分为初步设计和施工图设计两个阶段,对于大型实验室工程设计在初步设计之前应进行方案设计,小型建筑工程设计可以用方案设计代替初步设计。
On the basis of preliminary preparation, laboratory design is generally divided into two stages: preliminary design and construction drawing design. For large laboratory engineering design, scheme design should be carried out before preliminary design, while for small building engineering design, scheme design can replace preliminary design.
(1)方案设计
(1) Scheme design
根据实验室建设的任务及基本要求,在前期准备工作的基础上进行建筑方案设计,一般要求设计方案满足实验室的功能,在外观上要求有时代感,符合城市建设规划。一般可提出几个或十几个设计方案,供建设单位及有关部门选择,经过专家论证、审核、比较,提出一个实施方案或兼顾几个方案的优点进一步做出修改而获得较为满意的设计方案。
According to the tasks and basic requirements of the laboratory construction, the architectural scheme design is carried out on the basis of the preparatory work. Generally, the design scheme is required to meet the functions of the laboratory, have a sense of the times in appearance, and conform to the urban construction planning. Generally, several or more than ten design schemes can be put forward for the selection of construction units and relevant departments. After expert argumentation, review and comparison, an implementation scheme can be put forward or the advantages of several schemes can be taken into account to further modify and obtain a more satisfactory design scheme.
(2)初步设计
(2) Preliminary design
在方案设计的基础上进一步进行设计的具体实施方案,是进行施工图设计的主要依据。其内容主要包括: 设计依据、设计构思、总平面图、主要建筑工程项目的方案设计、主要材料用量、工艺设计、主要设备选型、三废治理、生活组织与劳动定员、有关技术经济指标、抗震人防、建设顺序与期限及总概算等。
On the basis of scheme design, the specific implementation scheme of further design is the main basis of construction drawing design. Its contents mainly include: design basis, design conception, general layout, scheme design of main construction projects, main material consumption, process design, main equipment selection, three wastes treatment, living organization and labor quota, relevant technical and economic indicators, earthquake resistance and civil air defense, construction sequence and time limit, general budget, etc.
                             实验室装修
(3)施工图设计
(3) Construction drawing design
根据已批准的初步设计文件,详细给出各有关专门工程的尺寸、细部做法等指导现场施工安装、安排材料设备,并据此做出详细预算是后面阶段的设计工作。其主要内容应包括: 总平面、建筑、结构、给排水、电气、采暖通风及其他有关的专门设备系统的设计;精确详细地交代它们的位置净距、坐标、标高、构造形式、节点详图、用料做法、尺寸、坡向、材质型号、设备规格或选用的标准图纸构件详图索引号、施工安装的技术要求和特殊部位的检验方法等。
According to the approved preliminary design documents, it is the design work in the later stage to give the size and details of relevant special projects, guide the site construction and installation, arrange materials and equipment, and make a detailed budget accordingly. Its main contents should include: the design of general layout, architecture, structure, water supply and drainage, electrical, heating and ventilation and other related special equipment systems; accurate and detailed description of their location, clear distance, coordinates, elevation, structural form, node detail, material method, size, aspect, material model, equipment specification or selected standard drawings, component detail index number, construction and installation Technical requirements and inspection methods of special parts of the assembly.
总结
summary
实验室仪器摆放的设计是一个实验室设计中的和难点之一。实验仪器的摆放看似简单,可实际上需要考虑的因素非常多。实验仪器是否可以良好安全地运行,是否可以妥善地得到保护,是否可以将环境对其的影响度降到低,相互之间是否有影响,实验人员是否可以方便地使用等等问题,都是在考虑实验室仪器摆放位置的时候需要关注的问题。合理的布置实验仪器,不仅需要设计人员对仪器设备本身,对环境、供水、供气、供电、废液废气的排放等方面的特殊要求非常了解外,还需要设计人员具有相当丰富的建筑工程设计及施工管理等方面的知识。
The design of laboratory instrument placement is one of the key and difficult points in the design of a laboratory. The placement of experimental instruments seems simple, but there are many factors to consider. Whether the laboratory instruments can operate well and safely, whether they can be properly protected, whether the impact of the environment on them can be reduced to a low level, whether there is mutual influence, whether the laboratory personnel can use them conveniently, and so on, are the issues that need to be concerned when considering the placement of laboratory instruments. Reasonable arrangement of experimental instruments not only requires the designer to have a good understanding of the special requirements of the equipment itself, environment, water supply, gas supply, power supply, waste gas emission and other aspects, but also requires the designer to have rich knowledge of construction engineering design and construction management.
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