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实验室装修需要具体到哪些方面?
来源: http://www.bairbrepaws.com 浏览: 发布日期: 2020-12-04
一、施工的资质要求
1、 Qualification requirements for construction
虽然实验室装修具有其特殊性,但是目前实验室施工还是依照建筑行业的资质证书规定来明确施工规定!
Although the laboratory decoration has its particularity, but the current laboratory construction is still in accordance with the construction industry qualification certificate provisions to clear the construction provisions!
那么实验室施工都包含哪些方面的问题呢?一般的实验室施工包括了机电工程安装、建筑装修、环境保护、消防安全、气路等!因此 在资质证书这方面,一般必须机电工程安装资质证书、装饰设计装修资质、资质、消防资质、二类压力容器施工资质证书、智能化资质等,假如做施工总承包新项目得话,就必须施工总承包的各种资质证书。
So what are the problems in laboratory construction? The general mechanical and electrical engineering, environmental protection and installation of the laboratory are included! Therefore, in terms of qualification certificate, it is generally necessary to have electromechanical engineering installation qualification certificate, decoration design and decoration qualification, environmental protection qualification, fire protection qualification, class II pressure vessel construction qualification certificate, intelligent qualification, etc. If a new construction general contracting project is obtained, all kinds of qualification certificates of construction general contracting must be obtained.
二、施工的具体内容
2、 Specific contents of construction
实验室装修主要针对房间内一部分,一般包含了装饰设计、给水排水、暖通工程、电气设备、智能化系统、气路、污水、有机废气处理、实验室家具等。
Laboratory decoration is mainly for a part of the room, which generally includes decoration design, water supply and drainage, HVAC engineering, electrical equipment, intelligent system, gas path, sewage, organic waste gas treatment, laboratory furniture, etc.
装饰设计则包含了路面的地面找平跟环氧地坪的施工、隔断墙的施工、装修吊顶的施工、窗门的施工、窗帘布的施工、设备基础的施工等;
The decoration design includes the ground leveling and epoxy floor construction, partition wall construction, ceiling decoration construction, window and door construction, curtain cloth construction, equipment foundation construction, etc;
给水排水包括了给排水、排水管道、纯净水等;
Water supply and drainage includes water supply and drainage, drainage pipeline, purified water, etc;
暖通工程包括了通风风管、空调管路、清洁管路、空调水管路、机器设备的安裝、空调风管安裝等;
HVAC engineering includes ventilation duct, central air conditioning pipeline, cleaning pipeline, air conditioning water pipeline, installation of machine equipment, air conditioning duct installation, etc;
电气设备包括电缆电线施工、照明灯具电源插座的施工、配电柜的施工等;
Electrical equipment includes cable and wire construction, lighting lamp power socket construction, power distribution cabinet construction, etc;
智能化系统包括的內容依据智能化系统所包含的系统,一般包含磁感应电子器件、走线、服务器及主机房的施工;
实验室装修
The contents of intelligent system include the construction of magnetic induction electronic devices, wiring, server and host room according to the system included in the intelligent system;
气路主要是各种气体管道、气罐间及闸阀的安裝;
The gas path is mainly the installation of various gas pipelines, gas tanks and gate valves;
污水主要是污水站房、污水机器设备的施工;
Sewage mainly includes the construction of sewage station building and sewage machinery and equipment;
实验室家具包含了各种实验室的家具,试验台、实验柜、通风降温设备、给排水设备、气路类机器设备、安全性层面的机器设备这些。
Laboratory furniture includes a variety of laboratory furniture, test bench, laboratory cabinet, ventilation and cooling equipment, water supply and drainage equipment, gas path machinery and equipment, and safety level machinery and equipment.
三、施工步骤
3、 Construction steps
全部新项目的施工步骤实际上跟别的机电工程安装的施工步骤差别并并不是非常大,自身从系统上,也就是机电工程管路的安裝、机器设备的安裝及其装饰设计的安裝,总体的施工便是这三一部分的有机结合,非常是机电工程管路跟装饰设计安裝的融合,不一样的装饰设计作法会规定不一样的施工步骤。
In fact, the construction steps of all new projects are not very different from those of other mechanical and electrical engineering installation. From the system, that is, the installation of mechanical and electrical engineering pipeline, the installation of machinery and equipment and the installation of decoration design, the overall construction is the organic combination of these three parts, which is very different from the integration of mechanical and electrical engineering pipeline and decoration design and installation Decoration design method will stipulate different construction steps.
基本的步骤是先做路面的地面找平,同歩能够做机电工程主管的安裝,这两个流程前后左右施工都能够,仅仅地坪找平时,工作人员在施工地区无法施工,因此 还是看时间及方案的分配,此环节各种大中型机器设备的购置都能够顺利进行。
The basic step is to level the road surface first, and then to install the electrical and mechanical engineering supervisor. The construction can be carried out before and after the two processes. Only when the floor leveling is carried out, the staff can not carry out construction in the construction area. Therefore, it depends on the allocation of time and scheme, and the purchase of various large and medium-sized machinery and equipment can be carried out smoothly.
许多管路穿隔断墙必须搞好预埋孔,针对一些不上顶的隔断墙能够先做,中后期在装修吊顶上再做管路都能够,但是务必装修吊顶内室内空间充足,要不然就无法施工。
Many pipelines through the partition wall must do a good job in the embedded hole, for some of the partition wall can be done first, in the middle and later period in the decoration of the ceiling pipe can be done, but must be decorated ceiling interior space is sufficient, otherwise it can not be constructed.
一部分规定洁净度等级较为高的管路更好是等房间内各种尘土大的施工搞好再做,防止环境污染,或是提早搞好防护措施。
Some of the pipelines with higher cleanliness level are better to wait for the construction with heavy dust in the room to prevent environmental pollution, or take protective measures in advance.
进行主管与隔断墙的施工后,基础就可以依照立管及装修吊顶,这时关键机器设备也基础能够交货,同歩能够做机器设备的安裝,及其在装修吊顶内机器设备的起吊,这正中间会存有比较多必须融洽的地区,终究装修吊顶内室内空间比较有限,各种立管假如提早沒有排好,或是做了BIM的撞击查验得话,非常容易造成各种交叉式的难题,因此 这时更好是每日都汇报工作融洽,沟通交流,降低难题的出现和返修。
After the construction of the main pipe and partition wall, the foundation can be in accordance with the riser and decoration ceiling. At this time, the key machinery and equipment can also be delivered. At the same time, the installation of machinery and equipment and the lifting of machinery and equipment in the decorated ceiling can be done. There will be more areas in the middle that must be harmonious. After all, the interior space in the decorated ceiling is relatively limited. If all kinds of risers are not available in advance If there is a good arrangement or BIM impact inspection, it is very easy to cause a variety of cross type problems. Therefore, it is better to report the work daily, communicate harmoniously, and reduce the occurrence and repair of problems.
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